Formed in 1998, SPFF was established to allow Southeastern peanut producers to speak with a unified voice. Often, particularly in Washington, state representatives are asked the position of other southeastern states on policy issues. In order to avoid follow-up from each state, a position by the SPFF has become a position of all four states. It has, also become an umbrella for other activities and projects, besides promotion, that the three organizations undertake collectively.

SPFF is comprised of the Alabama Peanut Producers Association, the Florida Peanut Producers Association, the Mississippi Peanut Growers Association and the Georgia Peanut Commission. These are the respective "check-off" organizations in each state. The SPFF board consist of 8 members comprised of the chief elected officer and the executive director of each organization. Action requires unanimous agreement.

Activities currently coordinated by the Federation include:
       Southern Peanut Growers Conference
       Peanut Leadership Academy
       Congressional Member and Staff Relations Programs
       Southeastern Peanut Research Initiative